1. Urinary SystemLook up and define pre-eclampsia.
How would this condition affect the kidneys?
What abnormality in the urinalysis would you expect? Explain why.
• Look up and define hematuria.
Explain why hematuria could occur under the following conditions:
• Glomerulitis caused by an autoimmune attack
• Kidney stones
• Bladder infection
• Of these three, which is most at risk to lead to serious kidney disease? Explain.
3. Male Reproductive System
A male premature baby was determined to have cryptorchidism.
• Explain what this condition is.
• What risks can occur?
• How is this treated?
4. Erectile Dysfunction
Discuss why the following could lead to a problem with achieving an erection. Group the list below into
categories which may share the same cause.
• High blood pressure
• High cholesterol level
• Multiple sclerosis
• Spinal cord injuries
• Pelvic surgeries
• Peyronie’s Disease
5. Female Reproductive System
Fibroids can occur in the uterus in areas containing a high concentration of hormone receptors.
• Define what a uterine fibroid is.
• List some of the symptoms of fibroids.
• Explain why fibroids tend to shrink after menopause.
Endometriosis occurs when the stratum functionalis develops in or is shed into the Fallopian tubes and/or out
into the pelvic cavity instead of through the vagina.
This tissue is sensitive to hormone levels and can continue to respond to fluctuations in hormone levels.
Discuss how endometriosis can result in the following:
• Ectopic pregnancy
• Be asymptomatic